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Patient  Information
  • 1. ZYOPTIX & LASIK LASER
    • Why Zyoptix?
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    • Ø It is the preferred choice for refractive surgery by surgeons worldwide
    • Ø There is no need for injection, Sutures and Hospitalization.
    • Ø Clarity of vision within hours of surgery.
    • Ø Extremely predictable.
    • Ø Both eyes can be treated on the same day.
    • Conventional Lasik
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    • Conventional Lasik corrects only Small spherical powers. For those people who have lower prescriptions, without, ‘Astigmatisam’ or irregular corneal curvature. Conventional Lasik may suffice. Zyopix can correct all powers perfectly and accurately than lasik.
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    • Zyoptix is considered as the most safeast refractive error correction, since the software attached with the machine is inbuilt with various counter checking mechanisms. Zyoptix is approved by FDA and is more accepted treatement worldwide.
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    • Zyoptix 100 Laser
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    • Zyoptix Laser has a higher potential for perfect vision with reduced change for visual compromise. Patients with more complex prescriptions, Unusual Corneal shapes or who want the best visual outcome will benefit from Zyoptix.
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    • Every Patient’s eye differs in corneal thickness, shape and pupil size. Zyoptix. Technology analyses the entire visual system from the corneal surface through the crystalline lens of the eye, all the way back to the retina.
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    • The new Aberrometer selectively measures the refractive power of the eye at more than 50 sites. The measurement performed in this way is designed to produce customized individual result.
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    • Benefits of Zyoptix 100
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    • Ø Zyoptix Laser allowa moreindividual to achieve 6/6 vision.
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    • Ø Zyoptix Laser increasers the opportunity of achieving better than 6/6 Vision.
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    • Ø Reduces risk of re-surgery and glare at night.
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    • What is Lasik ?
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    • Lasik is the safest and most accurate method to correct short (Myopia) Long Sight (Hyperopia) Astigmatism (Cylindrical powers) and other corneal scarring disorders.
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    • How old is this treatment?
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    • There is a general misconception that lasik is a new modality of treatement.  This is not correct.  Lasik is in existence since 1988,  and has already gained wide acceptance world over,  More than 5 million people in USA have undergone Lasik.
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    • How is Lasik better than Contact Lenses?
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    • Contact lenses require special care and careful maintenance. Moreover it is a recurring expenditure. A full 5 years use of contact lenses would cost you almost same as Lasik treatment.
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    • Is Lasik a Surgery?
    • Lasik is a very simple procedure done with application of just anesthetic drops. It is just the reshaping of the cornea with the help of cold laser (Exicimer Laser), with sub micron accuracy. Lasik is not at all a complicated procedure.
    • Who can undergo Lasik?
    • Any person above the age of eighteen years whose poweris stable for the last one year can undergo this procedure. There is no upper ago limit.
    • What are the powers Zyoptix100 can correct?
    • Myopia -1 to 20 diopters. Hyperopia + 1 to + 8 diopters. Astigmatism upto 8 diopters.
    • How safe is the Lasik treatement?
    • Lasik is a very safe procedure with accurate and preditable results.
    • What are the other advantages of Lasik?
    • No injections. The entire treatement gets over in 10 minutes. Normal activities can be resumed the next day. No need to get admitted in the hospital. No prolonged medications after the treatment.
    • What is the Latest treatment for refractory errors?
    • Zyoptix Laser based on wavefront technology uses systems more precise and less invasive than any other known technique developed so for.
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  • 2. CATARACT
    • What is Cataract?  
    •  Normally, the lens of the eye is clear and allows light rays to pass through easily.
    • When a cataract develops, the lens becomes cloudy and opaque. The light rays
    • no longer pass through the lens easily, so the patient cannot see clearly.
    • Cataract is not a new growth or a film over the eye. In most cases, it is just part of the aging process.
    • It is not contagious.
    • Types of Cataract   There are many types of cataracts. Changes in the chemical composition of the lens cause most cataracts. The following are the various types of cataracts.
    • Senile Cataract   This is the most common types cataract, comprising 80 percent of the total cataracts. It occures in patients above the age of 50.
    • Congenital Cataract
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    • Cataracts in children are rare. They can be caused by infection of the mother during pregenancy, or they may be hereditary.
    • Traumatic Cataract
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    • Eye injuries may cause cotaracts in patients of any age.
    • Seconday Cataract
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    • Diseases like glaucoma, iriti, eye tumours, and diabetes may cause cataracts.
    • Drug-induced Cataract
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    • Prolo  Prolonged treatment with steroid drugs, either for local (e.g), allergic conjuctivitis or systemic diseases (e.g., asthma) may lead to cataract formation.
    • Symptoms
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    • Blurring or dimness of vision.
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    • Feeling of a filim over the eye.
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    • Sensitivity to light and glare.
    • Treatment
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    • Cataract cannot be cured by medicines or spectacles. Removal of the clouded lens through surgery is the only treatment. A cataract operation is a minor operation done with local anaesthesia. During the 15 minute surgery, the cataract lens is removed and replaced by either:
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    • Cataract eye glasses or Intraocular lens implant (IOL)
    • Intraocular Lens (IOL)
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    • An IOL is a tiny transparent convex lens, made of polymethyl methacrylate, (a harm-less plastic substance) inserted in the eye during surgery. Unlike contact lenses, an IOL stays permanently in the eye and does not cause irritation.
    • Advantages of IOL
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    • Since the lens is placed inside the eye, most often the patient need not wear glasses for distance vision, but some-times patient has to wear glasses for clarity.
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    • Images are clear and of the same di-mension without distortion.
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    • Full vision returns very early.
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    • Normal field of viosion.
    • Types of Cataract Removal
    • Routine Method
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    • A 10 mm incision is amde in the eye. The cataract lens is removed, and the opening is closed with sutures.
    • Phaco or Sutureless Surgery Method
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    • A 3mm incision is made in the eye. The cataract lens is broken into small pieces by a machine with ultrasonic waves and removed with a needle. A specially prepared IOL is inserted into the eye and the wound heals without sutures.
    • Advantages of Phaco
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    • 1.Early surgery can be done, so the patient need not wait for the contract to mature.
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    • 2.Small incision
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    • 3.No sutures (so no suture-related problems like irritation & watering)
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    • 4.No need for suture removal
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    • 5. Early return to work
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    • 6.No need to continue eye drops for a long time.
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    • 7.No need for hospital stay. Even if the patient stays in the hospital, it is only for a short time.
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    • 8.Only one postoperative visit necessary.
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    • 9.Stable refraction after one month If you or anybody in your family or neighbourhood has eye Problems.
    • Do Not Delay
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    • See an eye specialist immediately.
    • Remember
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    • Only an ophthalmologist can provide total eye care: Medical, Surgical and Optical.
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    • It’s your sight!
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    • Your eyes deserve the best care available!
    • It is the ophthalmic surgeon who makes the final decision on whether the patient can undergo phaco or not.
  • 3. GLAUCOMA
    • Glaucoma prevalence among Dravidians is comparatively high as Compared to the Aryans.
    • Our Glaucoma Clinic we treat – * Primary Glaucomas which is mainly hereditary.
    • Congenital Glaucoma.
    • Secondary Glaucoma due to
    • Trauma.
    • Implant.
    • Diabetic.
    • Retinal Vascular Disorders.
    • Hypermature Disorders.
    • In our Glaucoma Clinic we have advanced diagnostic equipments like :
    • Non Contact Tonometer, GDX,FDT,Automated Perimetery, Blue and Yellow Fields, OCT, Optic Disc Imaging
    • Definition Definition
    • Glaucoma is a group of disorders in which the pressure of fluid within the eye gradually increases to a level that irreversibly damages the sensitive tissues of the eye, most notably the optic nerve which transmits visual images to the brain.
    • Cause
    • Anterior chamber is the fluid (aqueous humour) filled front portion of the eye. It the drainage of this fluid from the anterior chamber is restricted, pressure builds up within the eye causing irreversible damage to the optic nerve thereby causing a permanent loss of vision.
    • Individuals over the age of 40 as well as person with myopia, diabetes, or a family history of glaucoma are at an increased risk of developing glaucoma. Individuals who have sustained eye trauma or use corticosteroids are also at an increased risk.
    • Symptoms
    • Most glaucomas remain asymptomatic until advanced stage. Hence periodical check up, especially for those at risk, is necessary to detect glaucoma early.
    • Some individuals, especially if there is a rapid build up of eye pressures, may experience one or more of the following symptoms:
    • Pain around the eyes when coming out from darkness (e.g., as soon as the person comes out of a theatre).
    • Coloured halo rings seen around bulbs, especially during mornings and nights.
    • Frequent change of reading glasses, headaches, pain and redness of the eyes.
    • Reduced vision in dim illumination and during nights.
    • Gradual decrease of side vision.
    • Blurring of vision.
    • Detection
    • The three basic tests in the detection of glaucoma are:
    • Checking the pressure inside the eye.
    • Inspection of the optic nerve after dilating the pupils.
    • Testing the side vision by a computer assisted test called perimetry (visual field examination).
    • Treatment
    • Glaucoma cannot be cured. Appropriate treatment and regular follow-up can preserve residual vision from further damage.
    • Several drugs are available to reduce fluid formation within the Eye or promote their drainage from the eye. For most glaucoma patients, regular use of medications will suffice to control the pressure inside the eys. However, if the pressure control is not satisfactory other modalities like laser o surgery may have to be resorted to.
    • In some type of glaucomas, laser treatment is used to reduce eye pressure. This is a simple outpatient procedure.
    • In individuals where medical or laser treatment is insufficient to arrest glaucoma, surgery is indicated. This treatment option has its risks and limitations and is reserved as treatment of last resort.
    • Remember
    • Glaucoma cannot be cured, only controlled.
    • Vision lost due to glaucoma cannot be recovered.
    • Early detection and treatment of glaucoma, before it causes significant visual loss, is the ideal way to control the disease.
    • It is essential that persons above the age of 40 have their eyes examined periodically to detect glaucoma early.
    • Glaucoma is not an infections disease, but may be hereditary. So, if any one in the family has glaucoma, it is advisable that the rest of the family members have their eyes examined, periodically.
    • Once diagnosed as having glaucoma, the patient should be committed foe lifelong treatment and periodical eye check-up.
    • Drugs prescribed should be regularly used at specified time, to ensure round-the-clock pressure control. Medications may cause few undesired effect, the patient must approach the ophthalmologist immediately for alternate treatment.
  • 4. DIABETIC RETINOPATHY
    • The Vitreoretina service at Bejan Singh is a major referral center which deals with management of diabetic retinopathy and diabetic eye diseases, retinal detachment, ARMD, infections, trauma & various other retinal disorders.
    • A highly trained team of retinal surgeons combined with the effective use of latest diagnostic tools (FFA, ICG, Ultrasound B Scan, UBM, Optical Coherence Tomography, and Visual Electrophysiological Tests. such as ERG, multifocal ERG, EOG and VEP) get us optimal visual results. Clinical trials are underway to evaluate newer drugs and treatment options.
    • Your visit to the Retina department at Bejan Singh Eye Hospital:
    • An exclusive retinal examination may be different than a routine eye exam. It involves dilation of your pupils, examination by the specialist and diagnostic testing if required. It may take about three hours for the complete examination. If treatment is recommended for your condition, please allow for some extra time in our office to perform the procedure. Surgical intervention if required can be scheduled at an appropriate time, depending on your condition.
    • Dilation enlarges your pupils to allow the doctor a better view inside your eye. It is important to know that your visionwill be blurred and you will be sensitive to light (photophobic) for several hours following this. Therefore, we recommend that you bring sunglasses and not drive after your appointment.
    • Most diagnostic tests that the doctor may order to evaluate your eye condition can be performed in the outpatient on the same day.
    • Many of the procedures (treatments) that may be recommended to treat your condition can be performed by the doctor in the outpatient as well.
    • We also have a well equipped operation theatre for vitreoretinal surgery. Our doctors and staff will gladly answer your questions and assist you by scheduling any surgical or follow up care needed.
  • 5. SQUINT
    • Squint
    • Squint is a misalignment of the eye where the two eyes are pointed towards different directions.
    • The misalignment may be constant for a few, while it may be intermittently occurring for some others.
    • The deviation of the eye may be in any direction inward, outward, upward or downward.
    • If the child is not treated at the appropriate time, a condition called amblyopia occurs, which eventually leads to permanent loss of vision
    • Causes of Squint
    • Heredity
    • Weakness of the eye muscles or problem in the nerves supplying the eye muscles.
    • Blurred or poor vision caused due to cataract, corneal, scars, glaucoma, refractive errors, optic nerve disease, retinal disease, tumors of the eye etc.,
    • Injuries
    • Symptoms of Squint
    • One eye or both eyes point to different directions.
    • Children can have defective vision in one eye or both eyes.
    • Children with squint, some-times close one eye in bright sunlight.
    • Some children turn their face or tilt their head in a specific direction in order to use their eyes together.
    • The child sometimes experiences double vision or confusion.
    • Treatment to prevent permanent loss of vision
    • Squint due to refractive errors is corrected by prescribing suitable spectacles.
    • Patching of the normal eye.
    • Surgical Treatment
    • Surgical treatment is given to the child based upon the improvement in vision by spectacles correction and patching therapy.
    • The misaligned eyes can be straightened through surgery. In this surgery, the muscles, are detached from their original insertion and shifted to an different spot. The amount of shift is based on the measurement done with special prisms.
    • Surgery is usually done under general anaesthesia for children. It is ensured that the child is free from any illness like fever, common cold, cough etc., for subjecting to general anaesthesia.
    • Surgery is done either on both eyes simultaneously or one eye at a time.
    • The surgery is done on the white portion of the eyeball.
    • The eyeball is not opened.
    • Stay in the hospital is only for a day after the surgery.
    • Treatment does not stop with surgery. Glasses may have to be continued to maintain clarity of vision. Patching therapy may be needed to be continued for some time after the surgery.
  • 6. CORNEAL TRANSPLANTATION
    • Corneal Retrieval Team is ready to go any place to retrieve the cornea at any time.
    • Facts About EYE DONATION.
    • a. No age limit for the Donor.
    • b. Even Spectacled persons can become a Donor.
    • c. Only the Cornea will be removed, not the whole eye.
    • d. After removal of Cornea no scar or facial change.
    • e. Two people receive their eye sight from a single donor.
    • f. Only 10 to 15 minutes required for retrieval of Cornea.
    • g. Within 6 hours from the time of death cornea to be retrieved.
    • h. Retrieval team will come to any place of the Donor for cornea retrieval.
  • 7. PRIMARY EYE CARE
    • Comprehensive Ophthalmology
    • We co-ordinate with the other subspecialities of ophthalmology and internal medicine efficiently to get the optimal treatment outcomes for patients with complex Uveitic disorders. Another field of specialization is HIV/AIDS associated ocular infections wherein we have a combined experience of having seen over a few thousand HIV/ AIDS cases with ocular complications. We were the first in the world to have reported the association of serious eye problems with Chikungunya fever.
  • 8. DRY EYE
    • Under Construction
  • 9. LOW VISION AID
    • Low Vision is a terminology for Visual impaired people whose visual acuity cannot be improved either quantitatively or qualitatively by any surgical or optical means. The vision rehabilitation centre trains these low vision patients to overcome their visual impairment by using magnifying glasses to carry out their daily task independently.
    • A person with low vision is one who has impairment of Visual functions even after treatment or standard refractory correction and who has a Best Corrected Visual Acuity of less than 6/18 (20/60) to light perception and visual field loss of less than 10 degrees from the point of fixation, but who uses or is potentially able to use vision for the planning and execution of task. Low Vision Clinic was started in October 2005 in our hospital.
  • 10. RETINAL DETACHMENT
    • The Retinal Detachment service at Bejan Singh is a major referral center which deals with management of diabetic retinopathy and diabetic eye diseases, retinal detachment, ARMD, infections, trauma & various other retinal disorders.
    • A highly trained team of retinal surgeons combined with the effective use of latest diagnostic tools (FFA, ICG, Ultrasound B Scan, UBM, Optical Coherence Tomography, and Visual Electrophysiological Tests. such as ERG, multifocal ERG, EOG and VEP) get us optimal visual results. Clinical trials are underway to evaluate newer drugs and treatment options.
    • Your visit to the Retina department at Bejan Singh Eye Hospital:
    • An exclusive retinal examination may be different than a routine eye exam. It involves dilation of your pupils, examination by the specialist and diagnostic testing if required. It may take about three hours for the complete examination. If treatment is recommended for your condition, please allow for some extra time in our office to perform the procedure. Surgical intervention if required can be scheduled at an appropriate time, depending on your condition.
    • Dilation enlarges your pupils to allow the doctor a better view inside your eye. It is important to know that your visionwill be blurred and you will be sensitive to light (photophobic) for several hours following this. Therefore, we recommend that you bring sunglasses and not drive after your appointment.
    • Most diagnostic tests that the doctor may order to evaluate your eye condition can be performed in the outpatient on the same day.
    • Many of the procedures (treatments) that may be recommended to treat your condition can be performed by the doctor in the outpatient as well.
    • We also have a well equipped operation theatre for vitreoretinal surgery. Our doctors and staff will gladly answer your questions and assist you by scheduling any surgical or follow up care needed.
  • 11. UVEITIS
    • Under construction